The war in Vietnam stemmed from the war in Korea (1950-1953). The United States gave military and political support to the French, who were fighting the Communist-led forces called Viet Minh and the NLF (National Liberation Front), which was being supported by the Soviet Union and Communist China. The French paratroopers, a.k.a. the French Foreign Legion, were taking a terrible beating from the enemy and sued for peace. Out of this debacle was established the Geneva Accords, in 1953, which ended the fighting for the time being. The political and military assistance the United States sent to the newly formed ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam) was small at first but then grew into an Army, Air Force, Marines, Navy, and Coast Guard Operation, costing the United States billions of dollars before the Paris Peace Talks ended it all on October 8, 1972.